India is a South Asian country, located on the Indian subcontinent. It is the seventh-largest country in the world by land area and the second-most populous country after China. India is surrounded by Pakistan to the west, China and Nepal to the north, Bhutan to the northeast, Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east, and the Indian Ocean to the south.
India has a vast road network, with a total length of approximately 6.6 million kilometers, which includes all types of roads, from national highways to rural dirt tracks. The paved road network in India covers around 2.6 million kilometers, which includes expressways, national highways, and state highways. Expressways or highways with controlled access are still a relatively new concept in India, with the first expressway being opened in 2002. However, there has been a significant increase in the construction of expressways in recent years, and the total length of expressways in India is now around 11,000 kilometers.
The national highway network in India is managed by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI). The total length of national highways in India is around 140,000 kilometers. These highways connect major cities and ports across the country, and some of the most famous ones include the Golden Quadrilateral and North-South and East-West Corridors.
Apart from the paved road network, there are also a significant number of gravel and dirt tracks, which are mostly found in rural areas. These tracks are often used by farmers and villagers to transport goods and travel between nearby towns and cities. In addition, there are some 4×4 tracks in India, which are used for off-roading adventures and have gained popularity in recent years.
In conclusion, India has a vast and diverse road network, which is essential for connecting the country’s various regions and for the smooth functioning of its economy. The government of India has been working on expanding and improving its road network to meet the increasing demands of the country’s growing population and economy.